This article answers the question “Automotive batteries are examples of Which Hazard Class”.
According to Wikipedia,
“A hazard is a potential source of harm. Substances, events, or circumstances can constitute hazards when their nature would allow them, even just theoretically, to cause damage to health, life, property, or any other interest of value.”
When classifying hazardous materials, automotive Batteries are considered the most dangerous of them of which lithium-ion and lithium metal batteries are included.
Automotive Batteries are classified under Class 9: Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials which means they must be properly disposed of according to the regulations of hazardous wastes.
Many batteries contain corrosive or poisonous chemicals which may cause harm when it touches the body of a worker. These batteries are also prone to an explosion due to excessive charging or short circuit.
What is a Miscellaneous Hazardous Material?
A Miscellaneous Hazardous Material is any material that possesses anesthetics as well as noxious and other properties that can cause extreme damage or discomfort, especially during transportation.
Examples of other Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials are;
- Battery-powered equipment
- Aerosols and lighters.
- Dry ice.
It should be noted that Hazardous Material should be prevented by all means from direct contact with the body.
However, the EPA and DOT don’t totally categorize lead-acid batteries as hazardous materials but as non-spillable lead-acid batteries. But these batteries can’t be transported by air.
So, during transportation, it’s advisable to put each battery in a well-packaged separate container and make sure to close any open terminals.
It’s also required to put the batteries in plastic packaging with a label stating the description (materials and type) of the battery inside.
Also, do the same while disposing of off batteries, or better still you can take them to a nearby auto part store for recycling.
Why is the battery a Hazard?
They’re hazardous because they contain dangerous matters such as sulphuric acid, mercury, nickel, cadmium, and lead, as well as other dangerous materials that can give batteries a variety of hazardous properties. These hazardous substances can also lead to a fire or explosion risk.
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