Automotive Battery: Characteristic, Components, Functionality Specifications, and Maintenance

Your car battery is one of the most important parts of your car, it is very important to know all the necessary information about it. This will help you to get rid of a lot of problems with your car battery and save money in the long run because you will be able to solve simple problems before they go to severe problems.

Characteristics of a Battery

These are some of the characteristics of an automotive car battery

  • Available in a variety of sizes.
  • Moderately good high and low-temperature performance.
  • Low-cost battery and can be produced anywhere on a local basis.
  • Cells are easily recycled.
  • The high open-circuit voltage of all aqueous electrolyte battery systems.
  • Good charge retention for intermittent charge applications.
  • Electrically efficiently
  • Good float operation.

Components of a Battery

These are the major components of batteries used in automotive engine engines

1. Container – an automotive battery is a part made of the steel can, used to enclose the substances of the cell to form a cathode, that electrochemical reaction.

2. Cathode – an automotive battery that comes with manganese dioxide and cathode. It is the electrode reduced by the electrochemical reaction.

3. Separators – An automotive battery is manufactured with a nonwoven, fibrous fabric that separates the electrodes.

5. Anode – anodes are electrodes that oxidize, they powered zinc metal.

6. Electrolyte – an automatic battery manufactured with electrolytes which is the medium for the movement of ions in the cell. It carries the ionic current inside the battery. It’s made of potassium hydroxide solution in water.

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7. Collector – a brass pin between the cell that conducts electricity to the outside circuit.

Key Functions Of An Automotive Battery

A lot of drivers may not know the key functionality of an automotive battery in a car. A battery holds a lot of your car’s most essential functions.

These are some of the key functions of an automotive battery.

1. Engine starter

One of the major purposes of a car battery is to provide the juice is a car chemical energy, once you turn your key or push the button to start the engine, is converted to electrical energy; and it will automatically distribute it to all the parts in your car that may need it.

2. Voltage Regulator

Old car batteries produce high voltage spikes that normally would do a lot of harm to your car. Fortunately, an automotive battery will be able to absorb some of the excessive voltage that other parts may generate. All solid components and the whole electric system are protected from damage that may occur because of abnormal voltage levels.

3. Sustainer

If a battery works perfectly, it assures the sustainability of your car’s energy system. Immediately after you start your car engine, the battery gets recharged by an alternator so that it will be able to keep everything working when you drive. Aside from that, it will be able to begin to store the chemical energy again to have enough to turn the car’s engine on the next time.

4. Helper with the ignition system

Once you start your car engine, the battery not only gets your engine on and running but also starts the car’s ignition system. Your car battery is linked to the whole vehicle’s electricity and turns its security features on. In case there is something wrong with the energy system, Immediately you will be able to find out. A battery supplies electricity to all electronic devices when the engine is not running.

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5. Alternator

Your car battery transfers electricity to an alternator which, if it’s working perfectly, is responsible for electric functions such as the sound system, air-conditioning, wipers, headlights, or the airbag system. It is designed to keep the car running Immediately after the start. So, if there’s any kind of malfunction of an alternator, a battery will start as a backup and keep you going for some time.

Batteries Specifications

Several specifications can discover in any kind of battery:

Physical Design – Your batteries are specified by their sizes, types, and location of their terminals and mounting style.

Amp-hours (Ah) – An ampere-hour is a unit that is related to the energy storage capacity of the battery.

Cranking Amperes – The amount of current a battery can deliver at a cold cranking ampere that is 0-degree Fahrenheit (– 18 degrees Celsius). The cranking ampere is the amount of current a battery delivers at 32-degree Fahrenheit which is 0 degree Celsius.

Reserve Capacity Minutes (RCM) – This is the ability of the battery to sustain a stated electrical load.

Group Size – This is the physical dimension like weight, height, length, and width of a battery. It’s often stated by manufacturers.

Data codes – The data code is designed to help all buyers to know if the battery they are buying is the recently released version.

Batteries Maintenance

It is very important to maintain your car battery so that it will be able to extend its lifespan. There are several methods of maintaining your car battery. It is very bad to make use of the most effective method so that it won’t affect your car battery negatively.

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Your car battery is one of the car parts that you need to check regularly so that you will be able to spot or discover the condition of the battery.

There are numerous spots on the top of a battery that shows and indicates the condition of the battery. So the most effective method to check the date of your car battery is by using a voltmeter to know the stabilized voltage. If a battery vent cap is movable, then you can use a hydrometer to determine the specific gravity (SG). An active battery shows a stabilized voltage of above 12.5 volts and an SG reading above 1.240.

Make sure that your battery top is clean, dry, and free from dirt and grime.

Cables, terminals, and screws should also be inspected regularly so that you will be sure that there are no loose, breakage, or damaged connections. These should also be free from dirt and corrosion.